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XML入门教程:使用CSS显示XML

时间:2009-10-20来源:站长资讯网 点击:

通过使用CSS,您可以为某个XML文档添加显示信息。

使用CSS显示您的XML?

使用CSS来格式化XML文档是有可能的。

下面的例子就是关于如何使用CSS样式表来格式化某个XML文档:

这是XML文件:CD 目录

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1" ?>
- <!--  Edited with XML Spy v2007 (http://www.altova.com)
  -->
- <CATALOG>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>Empire Burlesque</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>Bob Dylan</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>USA</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>Columbia</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>10.90</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1985</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>Hide your heart</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>Bonnie Tyler</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>UK</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>CBS Records</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>9.90</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1988</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>Greatest Hits</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>Dolly Parton</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>USA</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>RCA</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>9.90</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1982</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>Still got the blues</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>Gary Moore</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>UK</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>Virgin records</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>10.20</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1990</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>Eros</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>Eros Ramazzotti</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>EU</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>BMG</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>9.90</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1997</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>One night only</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>Bee Gees</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>UK</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>Polydor</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>10.90</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1998</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>Sylvias Mother</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>Dr.Hook</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>UK</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>CBS</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>8.10</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1973</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>Maggie May</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>Rod Stewart</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>UK</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>Pickwick</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>8.50</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1990</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>Romanza</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>Andrea Bocelli</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>EU</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>Polydor</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>10.80</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1996</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>When a man loves a woman</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>Percy Sledge</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>USA</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>Atlantic</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>8.70</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1987</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>Black angel</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>Savage Rose</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>EU</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>Mega</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>10.90</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1995</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>1999 Grammy Nominees</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>Many</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>USA</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>Grammy</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>10.20</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1999</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>For the good times</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>Kenny Rogers</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>UK</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>Mucik Master</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>8.70</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1995</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>Big Willie style</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>Will Smith</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>USA</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>Columbia</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>9.90</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1997</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>Tupelo Honey</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>Van Morrison</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>UK</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>Polydor</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>8.20</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1971</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>Soulsville</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>Jorn Hoel</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>Norway</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>WEA</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>7.90</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1996</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>The very best of</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>Cat Stevens</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>UK</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>Island</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>8.90</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1990</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>Stop</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>Sam Brown</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>UK</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>A and M</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>8.90</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1988</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>Bridge of Spies</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>T‘Pau</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>UK</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>Siren</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>7.90</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1987</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>Private Dancer</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>Tina Turner</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>UK</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>Capitol</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>8.90</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1983</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>Midt om natten</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>Kim Larsen</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>EU</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>Medley</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>7.80</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1983</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>Pavarotti Gala Concert</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>Luciano Pavarotti</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>UK</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>DECCA</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>9.90</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1991</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>The dock of the bay</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>Otis Redding</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>USA</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>Atlantic</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>7.90</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1987</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>Picture book</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>Simply Red</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>EU</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>Elektra</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>7.20</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1985</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>Red</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>The Communards</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>UK</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>London</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>7.80</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1987</YEAR>
  </CD>
- <CD>
  <TITLE>Unchain my heart</TITLE>
  <ARTIST>Joe Cocker</ARTIST>
  <COUNTRY>USA</COUNTRY>
  <COMPANY>EMI</COMPANY>
  <PRICE>8.20</PRICE>
  <YEAR>1987</YEAR>
  </CD>
  </CATALOG>

这是样式表:CSS 文件

CATALOG
{
background-color: #ffffff;
width: 100%;
}
CD
{
display: block;
margin-bottom: 30pt;
margin-left: 0;
}
TITLE
{
color: #FF0000;
font-size: 20pt;
}
ARTIST
{
color: #0000FF;
font-size: 20pt;
}
COUNTRY,PRICE,YEAR,COMPANY
{
display: block;
color: #000000;
margin-left: 20pt;
}

最后,请查看效果:由CSS文件格式化的CD 目录

下面是此XML文件的一个片断。 第二行,<?xml-stylesheet type="text/css" href="cd_catalog.css"?>,把这个XML文件链接到CSS文件:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
<?xml-stylesheet type="text/css" href="cd_catalog.css"?>
<CATALOG>
  <CD>
    <TITLE>Empire Burlesque</TITLE>
    <ARTIST>Bob Dylan</ARTIST>
    <COUNTRY>USA</COUNTRY>
    <COMPANY>Columbia</COMPANY>
    <PRICE>10.90</PRICE>
    <YEAR>1985</YEAR>
  </CD>
  <CD>
    <TITLE>Hide your heart</TITLE>
    <ARTIST>Bonnie Tyler</ARTIST>
    <COUNTRY>UK</COUNTRY>
    <COMPANY>CBS Records</COMPANY>
    <PRICE>9.90</PRICE>
    <YEAR>1988</YEAR>
  </CD>
.
.
.
.
</CATALOG>

注释:使用CSS格式化XML不能代表XML文档样式化的未来。XML文档应当使用W3C的XSL标准进行格式化!

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